Analisis Makro Ekonomi Provinsi Aceh Ditinjau dari Sisi Penawaran Agregat

Titha Irma Aprysintia, Sofyan Sofyan, Safrida Safrida

Abstract


- Penawaran agregat/ Aggregate Supply (AS) adalah hubungan antara tingkat harga dengan jumlah barang dan jasa yang ditawarkan. Kurva penawaran agregat adalah kurva yang menggambarkan tentang hubungan antara tingkat harga yang berlaku dalam ekonomi dan nilai produksi rill atau output (pendapatan nasional rill) yang akan ditawarkan dan diproduksi oleh semua perusahaan  dalam suatu perekonomian. Adapun tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor apa yang mempengaruhi penawaran agregat di Provinsi Aceh periode 1996-2015. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data sekunder dengan jenis data time series (kurun waktu) dari tahun 1996-2015 yang diperoleh dari Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Aceh, Dinas Tenaga Kerja dan Mobilitas Penduduk Provinsi Aceh dan instansi-instansi terkait serta sumber-sumber lainnya dan hasil penelitian sebelumnya. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Metode 2SLS (Two Stage Least Squares) yang  menganalisis model model persamaan simultan dari penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian ini pada persamaan satu  menunjukan secara serempak variable Penawaran Tenaga Kerja (STK), Permintaan Tenaga Kerja (DTK) berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap Upah. Hasil penelitian persamaan dua secara serempak menunjukan bahwa variable Upah dan Jumlah Penduduk berpegaruh secara nyata terhadap variable Penawaran tenaga Kerja (STK). Hasil penelitian persamaan tiga secara serempak menunjukan bahwa variable Investasi dan Jumlah Industri berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap Permintaan Tenaga Kerja (DTK).

 

Judul Bhs Inggris

Aggregate Supply is the relationship between the price level and the quantity of goods and services offered. The aggregate supply curve is a curve that describes the relationship between the prevailing price level in the economy and the value of the original or output production (real national income) that will be offered and produced by all firms in an economy. The purpose of this study is to determine what factors affect aggregate supply in Aceh Province period 1996-2015. The data used in this study are secondary data with time series data types from 1996 to 2015 obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics of Aceh Province, the Office of Manpower and Mobility of Aceh Province and related agencies and other sources and previous research results. The method used in this research is 2SLS (Two Stage Least Squares) method which analyzes simultaneous equation model model from this research. The results of this study on the equation one shows simultaneously variable Labor Supply (STK), Demand for Labor (DTK) have a significant effect on wages. The results of the two equation studies simultaneously show that the variable of Wages and the Number of Residents significantly affects the variable of Labor Supply (STK). The result of the research of equation three simultaneously shows that the variable of Investment and Number of Industries significantly influence the Demand of Labor (DTK).

Aggregate Supply is the relationship between the price level and the quantity of goods and servicesoffered. The aggregate supply curve is a curve that describes the relationship between the prevailing price level in the economy and the value of the original or output production (real national income) that will be offered and produced by all firms in an economy. The purpose of this study is to determine what factors affect aggregate supply in Aceh Province period 1996-2015. The data used in this study are secondary data with time series data types from 1996 to 2015 obtained from the Central Bureau of Statistics of Aceh Province, the Office of Manpower and Mobility of Aceh Province and related agencies and other sources and previous research results. The method used in this research is 2SLS (Two Stage Least Squares) method which analyzes simultaneous equation model model from this research. The results of this study on the equation one shows simultaneously variable Labor Supply (STK), Demand for Labor (DTK) have a significant effect on wages. The results of the two equation studies simultaneously show that the variable of Wages and the Number of Residents significantly affects the variable of Labor Supply (STK). The result of the research of equation three simultaneously shows that the variable of Investment and Number of Industries significantly influence the Demand of Labor (DTK). <w:LsdException Locked="false"

Keywords


Makro Ekonomi; Penawaran Agregat

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 


JIM Agribisnis|JIM Agroteknologi|JIM Peternakan|JIM Teknologi Hasil Pertanian|JIM Teknik Pertanian|
JIM Ilmu Tanah|JIM Proteksi Tanaman|JIM Kehutanan


E-ISSN: 2614-6053 2615-2878 Statistic Indexing | Citation


Alamat Tim Redaksi:
Fakultas Pertanian,Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Email:jimfp@unsyiah.ac.id