Sistem Bagi Hasil Kapal Tangkapan Ikan Di Pelabuhan Perikanan Lampulo Kota Banda Aceh

Muhammad Fadhil, Azhar Abdul Gani, T Fauzi

Abstract


Abstrak. Sistem pembagian hasil laut dipandang sering tidak seimbang antara bagian nelayan pemilik dan nelayan penggarap sehingga sistem pembagian hasil laut sering dikritisi peneliti sebagai penyebab ketimpangan pendapatan. Nelayan sangat tergantumg pada kondisi alam dalam menjalankan aktifitas ekonominya. Aktifitas ekonomi telah menimbulkan stratifikasi dalam masyarakat nelayan menempati level paling bawah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan pendapatan antara nelayan pemilik dan nelayan penggarap serta mengetahui pengaruh lama melaut, daerah tangkapan dan jumlah ABK terhadap hasil tangkapan di Pelabuhan Perikanan Lampulo Kota Banda Aceh. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan metode Simple Random sampling dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 22 responden. Teknik analisis data menggunakan regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara pendapatan nelayan pemilik dan pendapatan nelayan penggarap. Lama melaut, jumlah ABK dan daerah tanggkapan berpengaruh secara signifikan.

 

Profit Sharing System Of Fishing Vessels At Lampulo Fishing Port Of

Banda aceh city

 

Abstract. Fishing profit sharing system is often considered unbalance between fishing boat owner’s share the fishermen’s share so that the fishing profit sharing system is frequently got criticized by the researchers as the reason of income inequality. Fishermen are very dependent on the conditions of nature in carrying out their economic activities. Economic activity has resulted in social stratification in the community so that the fishermen are at the lowest level. This research aims at finding out the income difference between the fishing boat owner and the fishermen. This research also aims at finding out the effect of the sailing duration, the fishing area, and the number of crew aboard in Lampulo Fishing Port of Banda Aceh City. The total amounts of sample in this research are 22 respondents who are chosen by using Simple Random sampling. The technique of data analysis in this research is multiple linear regressions. The result of this study shows that there is significant difference between the income of the fishing boat owner and the fishermen. The sailing duration, the fishing area, and the number of crew aboard are also have significant effect. 


Keywords


Kapal Tangkapan;Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Hasil Tangkapan;Sistem Bagi Hasil;Fishing Vessels;Factors Affecting the Catches;Profit Sharing System

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References


Rahmad Mukhtar, 2017. Rahmad Mukhtar, Alumnus prodi Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Institut Pertanian Bogor (IPB), anggota Ikatan Alumni Mahasiswa (IAM) Aceh Bogor.

Sudjana (2002). Metode Statistika. Tarsito, Bandung.

Sujarno, 2008. Analisis Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Pendapatan Nelayan Di Kabupaten Langkat. Tesis. Sekolah PascaSarjana Universitas Sumatera Utara. Medan.

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Yusuf, Q. 2003. Empowerment of Panglima Laot in Aceh. International workshop on Marine Science and Resource. Banda Aceh, 11-13 March, 2003.


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E-ISSN: 2614-6053 2615-2878 Statistic Indexing | Citation


Alamat Tim Redaksi:
Fakultas Pertanian,Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Email:jimfp@unsyiah.ac.id