Prevalensi Diastema Anterior pada Remaja Awal di Kota Banda Aceh (Studi pada Siswa/i SMPN dalam Wilayah Kecamatan Kuta Alam)

Seisarita Putri, Rafinus Arifin, Putri Rahmi Noviyandri

Abstract


ABSTRACT
According to Andrew (1972) normal occlusion consisted of six characteristics. One of the key features of the nomal occlusion is the presence of accurate contact of the teeth in the arch without any diastema or crowding. Diastema can be defined as the distance or space between the proximal surfaces of adjacent teeth larger than 1 mm. The diastema can be caused by dentoalveolar discrepancies, abnormal Frenum, pathological condition, a systemic disease, the number of tooth abnormalities, teeth deformities, bad habits, hereditary and malposition of teeth. This may give a significant influence on the function and esthetics. Diastema is an aesthetic problem that is common in mixed dentition period and early permanent period. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of diastema in the early adolescence in Banda Aceh at the junior high school in the subdistrict of Kuta Alam. This study is a descriptive cross-sectional design. The method of subject is done by purposive sampling technique involved 157 subjects which are student of SMPN 2, SMPN 4, SMP 6, SMP 9, and SMPN 18 in Banda Aceh. This study uses the index of orthodontic treatment need (IOTN) to measure the diastema category. The results showed that the prevalence of anterior diastema at students in junior high school in Kuta Alam subdistrict of Banda Aceh amounted to 20.7%. It is concluded that the anterior diastema commonly occurs in men than women and is more common in the maxilla.
Keywords : Anterior diastema, Early Adolescence, Normal Occlusion


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